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ISTANBUL (Reuters) – The United States has sanctioned Turkey’s energy ministry in response to the Turkish sinful-border offensive in northeast Syria, elevating questions about the affect on the country’s wider energy sector.

Two Turkish suppose firms are affiliated with the ministry. BOTAS operates Turkish gas infrastructure and is discover together to gas import contracts. TPAO is the native oil producer and operates a world infrastructure.

TPAO

Turk Petrolleri Anonim Ortakligi (TPAO), the nationwide oil firm, is owned by the Turkish Treasury and managed by the Energy Ministry.

The firm owns and operates two hydrocarbon drilling ships (Fatih and Yavuz) currently around Cyprus to boot to two seismic seek for ships for hydrocarbon exploration work.

By scheme of partnerships and joint ventures TPAO does exploration and extraction work in Azerbaijan (Shah Deniz, ACG, BTC, SCP, ALOV), Russia (Baytugan), Iraq (Mansuria, Badra, Missan, Siba) and Afghanistan (Mazari Sharif). The firm also produced 13.5 million barrels of oil and 405 million m3 gas from native fields closing 300 and sixty five days.

The firm invested $863 million in world and $634 million in native projects.

BOTAS

Turkey’s pipeline operator and gas procurement firm BOTAS is owned by the Turkish Treasury and managed by the energy ministry.

BOTAS imported 85% of Turkey’s natural gas wants closing 300 and sixty five days. The firm is discover together to Turkey’s very prolonged time length pipeline gas import contracts with Russia, Azerbaijan and Iran to boot to very prolonged time length liquified natural gas (LNG) import contracts with Nigeria and Algeria. The firm also imports situation LNG from up to 13 nations including US and Qatar.

Last 300 and sixty five days BOTAS pipeline gas imports were 39 billion m3, LNG imports were 11.3 billion m3. Around 5 billion m3 of LNG imports were from the situation market according to energy markets regulator.

BOTAS imported 444 mln m3 of US LNG closing 300 and sixty five days versus 884 mln m3 in Jan-July this 300 and sixty five days.

The firm operates nationwide oil and gas pipeline and onshore and offshore LNG infrastructure.

World subsidiaries consist of BOTAS World Restricted, Turkish Petroleum World Inc (TPIC). The firm also owns 30% of TANAP gas pipeline thru native subsidiary.

OTHER ACTORS AND MINISTRY-OWNED INFRASTRUCTURE

LNG INFRASTRUCTURE

Turkey has two onshore LNG terminals, one owned by BOTAS, the replace by privately owned Egegaz.

Of the country’s two LNG FSRUs one is owned by BOTAS, the replace by privately owned Etki Liman.

BOTAS is planning to carry out Turkey’s third FSRU facility within the northern Aegean.

On prime of BOTAS’s 85% share on Turkey’s gas imports closing 300 and sixty five days, seven non-public firms (Enerco Enerji, Akfel Gaz, Bosphorus Gaz, Bati Hatti, Kibar Enerji, Ege Gaz, Avrasya Gaz, Shell Enerji) imported 7.7 bcm of gas closing 300 and sixty five days.

TUPRAS

Tupras is Turkey’s most curious refiner with 30 million tonnes of oil processing capability in four refineries. A non-public refiner, the firm is remitted by Turkish regulations to purchase locally produced oil. The firm imports its have oil and complies with US sanctions on Iran.

SOCAR

Azerbaijan suppose oil firm SOCAR owns Turkey’s other refiner STAR with 10 million tonnes of oil processing capability. The firm complies with US sanctions on Iran.

Hundreds of non-public firms import subtle products.

Reporting by Can Sezer; Editing by Alistair Bell